Types of coffee everyone needs to know

There are many types of coffee based beverages, from drip coffee to your favourite StarBucks Frappes. In this article we are focusing on espresso based beverages. Here are the types of coffee everyone needs to know!


An espresso drink that consists of espresso, steamed milk, and foam. What makes a latte vs a flat white or cappuccino? Well the differentiating factor would be foam. In a latte there is a greater percentage of steamed milk than foam.






Similar to the Latte, a Cappuccino also consists of espresso, steamed milk, and foam. Comparing to the latte, expect to see a bigger proportion of foam in your beverage. Then comes the next question, “What is a wet cappuccino vs a dry cappuccino?”
In a wet cappuccino there is a slightly greater percentage of steamed milk. In a dry cappuccino there is almost no steamed milk and consists of almost pure foam.




Flat White

Last of the comparison, the flat white has all the ingredients of a latte or a cappuccino. Among the three, Flat White will carry the least foam, followed by the Latte then a Cappuccino. There isn’t a concrete definition of a flat white. There are two school of thoughts; mainly “Forget the foam” or “Its all about the Foam”. Don’t get me wrong, there is no right or wrong when it comes to coffee, its up to the individual’s preference and taste. Some cafes serve there flat white with no foam while other will typically serve their flat white with minimal foam. At Nineteen95, we take our Flat White with just a little foam right on top.








Typically made with espresso, milk, foam and chocolate powder or syrup. The Mocha is one of the most popular drinks to help transition person who just started drinking coffee to a coffee addict. For our baristas, we take on the mocha using 53% Dark Chocolate powder to add that richness from the chocolate into your coffee to create another layer or dimension to our coffee.







Long Black/Americano

A cup filled with hot water and topped with espresso shots. An Long Black is an alternative to a regular cup of  brewed coffee and usually is more flavorful. Personally, the Long Black is a better cup of coffee compared to a regular brew coffee because of the fact that it is made to order. Taking on the perspective of giant chains like Starbucks or Coffee Bean, brewed coffee is made in batches. This allows the brew coffee to sit and deteriorate over time. However, a Long Black is made to order and that helps maintain that quality of your coffee.












Traditionally, a Piccolo Latte is a ristretto shot topped with warm, silky milk served in a small latte glass. Basically, a baby latte, as the Italian pronunciation suggests. When drinking a Piccolo, expect to taste more vibrant flavour notes and less bitterness in your coffee IF it is done right.









The Macchiato is a cornerstone of Italian coffee culture, along with the espresso and cappuccino, among other coffee drinks. It’s basically an espresso with a small amount of foamed milk on top usually served in a espresso cup. To the layman, the Macchiato can be considered to be a baby cappuccino.









Brewed by forcing small amounts of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. Espresso is generally thicker than coffee brewed by other methods and holds higher concentration of suspended and dissolved solids with crema (a thicker and less dense liquid at the top) on top. Espresso is mainly the base of all the drinks above.








One of the most difficult and temperamental drinks to brew using the espresso machine. Traditionally, a short shot of espresso made with the standard amount coffee used for an espresso but with half the amount of water. The assumption we make when pulling a ristretto is that it’ll be a richer, smoother, sweeter tasting extraction. Being a shorter extraction, a ristretto will extract less acidity from the coffee.








This is a coffee based dessert, taking the form of a scoop of vanilla ice cream topped with espresso. The combination of the sweetness of the vanilla and creaminess of the ice cream with the smooth texture from the espresso along with its flavor notes is a heaven made match.
This Italian dessert has many variations. It is also commonly served with a touch of liquor such as Baileys Irish Cream.

Do you know your coffee? Tell us whats your favourite espresso based beverage.







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